The overall design and mode of the most popular bo

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The overall design and method of book binding

books are the carrier of human culture. If a work is expressed in the form of printed matter, it must be through a series of projects such as topic selection planning, processing, the overall design, production, printing and post press processing of 4.8 million to 12.7 million tons of plastic waste that humans put into the sea every year, so as to get a vivid book that can be presented to readers. On the one hand, the value of books is reflected in the content of books, on the other hand, it is also reflected in the form of books. The form of books is the result of the overall design of manuscript works

the overall design of the book includes the design of 37.853 million tons of frame and the layout of the text. Binding design includes the selection of format and book structure; Carry out art design for cover, cover, ring lining, title page, insert, letter cover, etc. and select the type of materials; Select printing process, post press decoration processing process, binding process, etc

the overall design of books is a three-dimensional plastic art design. Different from general painting creation, the overall design is only a scheme, not the final work. After the design is completed, it also needs to go through production links such as production, printing and post printing processing, and transform the design into a book with material form through paper, various binding materials and printing processes. Therefore, the overall design and final form, effect and quality of books must depend on the production, printing and post press processing technology, and the realization of binding design depends more on the post press processing technology

the post press processing of books can be divided into three categories according to the purpose of processing

(1) beautify and decorate the book surface. Such as glazing, laminating, concave convex embossing, hot stamping processing, etc

(2) forming the books. If the semi-finished pages are cut to the size of the book size specified in the design; Binding cost volume; To carry out die cutting, indentation and other processing for book printing

(3) processing that enables books to obtain specific functions. For example, the books have the protective functions of oil proof, moisture-proof, abrasion proof, insect proof, etc

book binding style

book binding style is the appearance of books made of different binding materials and binding processes. At present, there are five binding styles for books

1. Paperback (Paperback)

(1) ordinary paperback. It consists of a cover without a lip, a main title page and a book block

(2) flat installation. It is composed of the front cover, ring lining, title page of the main book, insert (if any) and book block. The binding methods commonly used for paperback books are horse riding binding, flat binding, sewing, wireless adhesive binding, sewing adhesive binding and plastic thread hot binding. The cover of paperback books almost has to be covered with film or polished, and some have also carried out concave convex embossing, hot stamping, die cutting and hollowing out, etc.

2 Hardcover

hardcover books are generally composed of a book case made of cardboard, paper or fabric, with ring lining, main title pages, inserts and book blocks. There are the following three forms

(1) full paper hardcover. It consists of a full paper book case, a ring lining, a main title page, an insert (if any) and a book block

(2) paper cloth back hardcover. The back part of the book case is made of cloth or other fabrics, and the top and bottom seals of the book case are made of cardboard or paper

(3) full fabric hardcover. The front cover, back cover and back cover of the book case are made of cloth or other fabrics, leather and cardboard with low price. The structure is the same as that of a full paper hardcover book, but there is usually a protective cover outside the book case

the above three hardcover styles have round back and flat back. The book block binding of hardcover books generally adopts lockstitch binding, wireless adhesive binding, lockstitch adhesive binding and plastic thread hot binding

3. Thread binding

in the past, thread binding was mainly used for ancient books, but now it has been used for reference by the binding design of many other books. For example, many books and periodicals that represent the traditional culture of the Chinese nation are decorated and embellished with thread binding on the basis of adhesive binding. There are also some "new concept" thread bound books with unique binding, which are also elaborately made by the designer with clever design and post press processing

4. Loose pages

the pages of a book are packed in a special paper bag or carton in a single page state. It is often found in educational and art books. The binding form of loose leaf packaging has yet to be developed, and the materials can also be innovated, such as kraft paper, cardboard, corrugated cardboard, etc. In the form of packaging can also break the original pattern

5. Soft hardcover

this is a "soft" hardcover form, also known as "semi hardcover", which is formed by absorbing the hard cover of hardcover books in the paperback style and wrapping the cover with a mouth. The hardness and straightness of this kind of book cover are higher than those of ordinary paperback books

at present, there are many styles of soft hardcover, and there is great room for creation in the sealing treatment. For example, the book blue printed cloth is wrapped with a layer of kraft paper with hollowed out patterns on the outside of the blue cover. A little blue can be seen from the hollowed out patterns, which artistically highlights the content of the book

with the development and progress of society, readers' aesthetic level is getting higher and higher, and their requirements for the appearance of books are also getting higher and higher. In order to cope with this development, a very important aspect of the publishing house's topic selection planning and book publishing planning is to consider what kind of binding form will be used to present the works to the readers, and what kind of binding method will be used to add luster to the manuscripts, so as to attract attention in a wide range of bookshelves and be more competitive in the book market

to realize the overall design scheme, it is necessary to finish the form of books. Excellent binding design and careful post press processing can greatly increase the sales of books, so post press processing is an important means to improve the quality of books and realize value-added. However, post press processing is a double-edged sword. If the processing quality is good, it can be the icing on the cake for books; If the quality is not good, for example, books have quality problems such as skewed binding, page dropping, blistering and wrinkling cover, it will lead to poor sales and a large number of returns, which will make the previous efforts in topic selection planning, processing, overall design, material selection, production and printing wasted a lot of human, financial and material resources. So in a sense, post press processing is the key to the success or failure of book sales. At present, it is also a problem that publishing units and printing enterprises attach great importance to

information source: Printing Technology

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